FACADES AND PLANTS: OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEW FACADE DESIGN
This doctoral thesis addresses recent developments in international architecture toward integrating the manifold options and performance factors of greened façades. Innovative façade greening techniques influence architecture beyond pure design, adding ecological economic value in the form of energy saving (heating, ventilation, cooling), improved air quality in the area around the building, and new habitats for flora and fauna. The topic can thus be seen as part of the response to current societal demands for environmental action, such as the replacement of fossil fuel use through research into and subsequent utilization of natural alternatives and technologies. An overview of the current state of the research based on the results of a thorough examination of the available literature is followed by a delineation of the research parameters, after which the structure, content and methodology of the work are presented. Explorative investigations demonstrate the range of ecological, energy and design alternatives in current façade greening techniques – from traditional soil-bound to new vertical wall-bound and hybrid forms – and, with the aim of establishing overall synergetic suitability, the results are combined in a comprehensive, practical, systematic tabular overview. The goal of the research is to illustrate the variety and benefits possible with façade greening and to provide guidelines that will optimize architectural and botanical implementation in future projects.
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